óby Rod Machado
Years ago, a fellow flight instructor had a student who spent a few too many hours on the high seas. On his first flight lesson, he walked out to the airplane, loosened all three tie-down ropes, tossed them aside, and yelled, "Castoff!" Hmmm, apparently, he still had a little sea water on the brain.
Sorry, but airplanes don't do castoffs; they do takeoffs. And once you're in the air, you need a practical way to return to an airport in preparation for landing. It's similar to bringing a boat in to dock. You don't just barge into the herd of boats heading for port. You get in line and follow the other boaters and fishermen back home. This way, they don't get upset, which can lead to fishticuffs. And that will put the fear of cod in you.
Up, Up, and Away
On takeoff, your objective is to accelerate the airplane to a sufficient speed where you can raise the nose to a climb attitude. This is sometimes known as rotating. I recommend rotating at least 5 knots above the airplane's no-flap stalling speed (which, in the case of our lessons' plane, is 50 knots-the beginning of the airspeed indicator's green arc). When the airspeed indicator shows 75 knots, raise the nose to the attitude that results in an 80-knot climb. (You'll learn what this attitude is from experience. In this case, it's approximately 11 degrees nose-up pitch, which is just above the second calibration mark on the attitude indicator.) Ready? Here's how to do it.
First, apply full power and accelerate down the runway centerline. When the airspeed indicator shows 55 knots, the airplane's ready to fly. So fly. Rotate the nose to an 11-degree positive pitch, as shown in Figure 5-1.