Cessna Grand Caravan and Caravan Amphibian

Flight Notes - how to fly the 208B Caravan and 208 Caravan Amphibian


Wherever you want to go, the Cessna Caravan can get you there. First introduced by Cessna in 1985, the Caravan was designed to land nearly anywhere, on land or water. Undoubtedly, it has lived up to its creators' intentions. Whether supplies need to be brought to a flooded village in the mountains of Peru, an injured person needs to be flown out from a remote lake in Alaska, or an archaeologist wants access to a tiny site in the African desert, the Caravan has what's needed to do the job.

In the initial design of the Caravan, Cessna took the fuselage of a Model 207 Stationair and enlarged it. However, it didn't take Cessna long to realize that in order to create a plane that provided enough cargo and fuel-carrying space, they'd have to start from close to scratch. They used sections of the 207 in the first prototype, but the ultimate design of the Caravan had no real predecessor.

Caravans have large fuel tanks and tough, sturdy landing gear to ensure the aircraft's reliability on rough, unpaved airstrips. (And that landing gear can easily be replaced with floats in order to handle water landings.) Caravans also sport large wings for quick liftoffs on short, rough runways. One hundred and seventy-four square feet of wing area provide 335 gallons of fuel capacity. The oil-only strut in the nose gear acts as a shock absorber, cushioning the engine from large loads placed onto it by the engine mounts as the airplane rolls over rocks and potholes.

The first amphibious Caravan was certified in March 1986 and was officially rolled out two months later. In the Amphibians, two large floats replace the landing gear. However, each float contains retractable landing gear, making the airplane truly amphibious. Each float can carry 200 pounds of gear inside watertight bulkhead compartments. The Amphibian also has retractable water rudders that provide maneuverability on the water and vertical fins on its horizontal stabilizer that balance the large float surface and provide more control.

Caravans have large fuel tanks and tough, sturdy landing gear to ensure the aircraft's reliability on rough, unpaved airstrips. (And that landing gear can easily be replaced with floats in order to handle water landings.) Caravans also sport large wings for quick liftoffs on short, rough runways. One hundred and seventy-four square feet of wing area provide 335 gallons of fuel capacity. The oil-only strut in the nose gear acts as a shock absorber, cushioning the engine from large loads placed onto it by the engine mounts as the airplane rolls over rocks and potholes.

The first amphibious Caravan was certified in March 1986 and was officially rolled out two months later. In the Amphibians, two large floats replace the landing gear. However, each float contains retractable landing gear, making the airplane truly amphibious. Each float can carry 200 pounds of gear inside watertight bulkhead compartments. The Amphibian also has retractable water rudders that provide maneuverability on the water and vertical fins on its horizontal stabilizer that balance the large float surface and provide more control.

208B Caravan Specifications

 
U.S. Metric
Maximum Speed 175 knots 324 km per hour
Cruise Speed 175 knots 324 km/hr at 10,000 feet
164 knots 305 km/hr at 20,000 feet
Engine Pratt & Whitney Canada, Inc., Free Turbine. Flat Rated at 675 shaft horsepower PT6A-114A
Propeller McCauley three-bladed, constant speed, full feathering, reversible, 106-inch diameter
Maximum Endurance 5.1 hours with maximum cruise at 10,000 feet
6.6 hours with maximum cruise at 18,000 feet
6.4 hours with maximum range at 10,000 feet
7.2 hours with maximum range at 18,000 feet
Service Ceiling 22,800 feet 6,950 meters
Fuel Capacity 335 gallons 1,268 liters
Empty Weight 4,575 pounds 2,075 kilograms
Maximum Gross Weight 8,785 pounds 3,980 kilograms
Length 41 feet, 7 inches 12.8 meters
Wingspan 52 feet, 1 inches 15.85 meters
Height 15 feet, 5- inches 4.7 meters
Seating Up to 14
Useful Load 4,000 pounds 1,814 kilograms

208 Caravan Specifications

 
U.S. Metric
Maximum Speed 175 knots 324 km per hour
Cruise Speed 143 knots (8,000 pounds) 265 km per hour
130 knots (6,400 pounds) 241 km per hour
117 knots (5,200 pounds) 217 km per hour
Engine Pratt & Whitney Canada, Inc., PT6A-114A free turbine. Flat rated at 675 shaft horsepower
Propeller McCauley three-bladed, constant speed, full feathering, reversible, 106-inch diameter
Maximum Endurance 4.6 hours with maximum cruise at 10,000 feet
5.7 hours with maximum cruise at 20,000 feet
6.8 hours with maximum range at 10,000 feet
8.0 hours with maximum range at 20,000 feet
Service Ceiling 13,500 feet 4.115 meters
Fuel Capacity 335 gallons 1,268 liters
Empty Weight 4,895 pounds 2,220 kilograms
Maximum Gross Weight 8,035 pounds 3,645 kilograms
Length 41 feet, 7 inches 12.8 meters
Wingspan 52 feet, 1 inches 15.85
Height 15 feet, 5- inches 4.7 meters
Seating Up to 14
Useful Load 3,140 pounds 1,424 kilograms